• shilajit-mumio.com •

What is Mumijo (Shilajit) ?

The name 'Mumijo' is actually Russian (МУМИЁ) and is derived from the Greek, originally meaning 'body-preserving'. Aristotle, the Greek philosopher was already mentioning it and even gave some tips on how to benefit from it. In Ayurveda Mumijo is called 'Shilajit' or 'Salajeet' ; 'Nectar of the Gods, The Destroyer of Weakness, The Conqueror of Mountains'. It is considered the most powerful of all remedies, a panacea, giving vitality, unsurpassed sexual power and long lasting health.

A few lumps of raw Shilajit

It is a substance mainly found in the highlands ( 1000-5000 m above sea level ) of Altai, Himalaya and the Caucasus mountains in Central-Asia. The color range varies from white to pitch-black, depending on composition. For medicinal use the black variant is the most known and covers the widest spectrum.

Russian tourists discover Mumijo in a cave, deep inside a mountain

Mumijo can and has been described as 'mineral oil', 'stone oil' or 'rock sweat', as it seeps from cracks in mountains due to the warmth of the sun, mostly. There are many legends and stories about its origin, use and properties, often wildly exaggerating. We recommend you to have a look at our research section, where we collected several publications about Mumijo • Shilajit.

Use the menu for more details.

All pictures © oriveda.com; used with permission

Composition of Mumijo • Shilajit

Once cleaned from impurities and extracted, Mumijo is a homogeneous paste-like substance, with a glossy surface, a peculiar smell and bitter taste. Dry Mumijo density ranges from 1.1 to 1.8 g/cm3. Mumijo has a plastic-like behavior, at a temperature lower than 20ºC / 68ºF it will solidify and it will get soft when warmed up. It easily dissolves in water without leaving any residue, and it will soften when worked between the fingers. Purified Mumijo has an unlimited shelf life. In tablet or powder form it has lost a lot of its properties and is less effective as a result of the processing and the additives involved.

In Russia and India Mumijo • Shilajit has been the subject of scientific research since the early '50s. Claims attributed to Shilajit • Mumijo were investigated with scientific methods. So far several successful medications have been developed, based on Mumijo • Shilajit, and quite a few medical claims have been confirmed in animal- and laboratory tests. Still, it is often unclear why a specific result is achieved.

Mumijo as it is sold on rural markets and in the former Soviet republics.

The precise composition of Mumijo depends on where it is found. It is always a combination of fossilized and fermented organic matter combined with minerals and many many trace-elements, altogether a few dozen of chemical elements, macro- and micro-elements, and over 20 different metal oxides and several amino acids, including animal melanins, a series of vitamins, essential oils, resins and resinous-like substances. It also contains bee poison, humic bases and several other substances not yet fully understood and researched. The white version appears to contain only anorganic compounds, and looks more like a pure mineral, being brittle.

A lump of pure Shilajit, ready to be processed.

The complexity and variability make it impossible to give an exact breakdown of its composition. A loose breakdown would be as follows: the volume of the inorganic part usually exceeds the organic part by 2-4 times. The organic part contains carbon (20-57%), oxygen (30-48%), hydrogen (4-18%) and nitrogen (3-8%) in the composition of various acids, resins and proteins. The inorganic part contains calcium, sodium, potassium, magnesium and aluminum minerals. In addition to these, the inorganic part comprises also about 30 micro-elements of rare earths, rubidium, cesium, barium, strontium, lead, chromium, antimony, etc. The quantity of each of the above ranges from traces to centigrams, but it is precisely those substances that our body lacks at times. From a medical point of view the most important active ingredients are benzoic acids and related acids, like fulvic and humic acid.

It should be obvious that standardization of Mumijo or its ingredients is not possible without subjecting it to severe processing (potentially destructive) and/or spiking.

All pictures © oriveda.com; used with permission

Mumijo • Shilajit - Genuine or Fake?

Genuine Mumijo is truly rare and therefore expensive. A lot of fake Mumijo is being sold, mostly in the form of tablets, capsules and tinctures. The processing makes it almost impossible to distinguish the real from the fake. Only after unsatisfactory attempts to benefit from Mumijo's power one might realize his money has been wasted on a fake product.

A few tips: Real Mumijo will get soft in the hand, the fake (e.g. Ozokerite) will not, most of the time. Real Mumijo has a very distinctive, bitter smell, described as a mix of bitumen and very dark chocolate. It also has a very bitter taste. It is not a herb!! It will dissolve in water, benzene, acetone, chloroform, methanol and alcohol.

Powdered Mumijo should be avoided - the structure and behaviour of Mumijo (it is exceptionally sticky and unstable at temperatures over 20°) make powdering impossible unless destructive processing and many additives have been used. If and how much genuine mumijo is present in the result is highly questionable. The same applies to products claiming guaranteed levels of e.g. fulvic acid - this is not possible, just like it is impossible to guarantee vitamin C levels in an orange. Mumijo is a natural product, not a pharmaceutical product.

Processing is very destructive. According to Russian research Mumijo should not be heated to more then 39 ºC/102 ºF - higher temperatures will quickly destroy several of the amino acids and therefore affect the existing synergy. The use of metal (like tools or bowls) should also be avoided - oxidation will occur, i.p. in the organic acids that are present.

Traditional Processing of Shilajit in Nepal

A thin layer of Shilajit can be seen on these rocks

Scraping the Shilajit from the rocks. It's obvious no large quantities can be collected this way.

Raw Shilajit, directly after being harvested.

Ready for processing.

The Shilajit is being washed in water and roughly cleaned. This is the traditional way. Not very hygienic!

The cleaned Shilajit is filtered using a piece of fabric. Crude, but it works.

The cleaned and filtered Shilajit is now being boiled to get rid of excess water and to make it more solid.
The cooking of Shilajit is not a good practice and will kill a lot of medicinal power!

The finished product is poured into jars, ready to be sold. The Indian and Nepalese products are often contaminated with bacteria and molds, because of the unhygienic way of preparation.

Shilajit Powder Production

Shilajit is also sold in local markets as powder - here are the air-dried chips of pure Shilajit

A 4 kg metal rod is used to pound the chips to powder. Using metal is effective but not good.

Everything is done manually.

The powdered Shilajit needs to be sieved. Here it is poured into a sieve.

Sieving guarantees an even particle size in the powder.

All this work is mainly done by women. Hygiene is not taken into account.

The powder is sold in 25 grams bags on the market. This has nothing to do with the Shilajit powder offered online in large quantities - the majority of that is fake.

All pictures © oriveda.com; used with permission

Therapeutic Effects of Mumijo • Shilajit

To briefly describe what makes it work and why it works is undoable. Nevertheless, a brief sample from the existing documentation:

  • -Animal tests showed an endurance increase of up to 40%, plus recovery after work-outs is much faster. A reason why Mumijo was and still is used a lot in Russia by top athletes (weightlifters, long distance runners e.g.) and the Special Forces (Spetznaz).
  • -Fractures were healing up to 50% faster, reason why since 1961 it's officially being used by Russian hospitals. Several medications have been developed since then, based on raw Mumijo.
  • -In Russia Mumijo is often used cosmetically by women. They develop their own recipes and use it e.g. for facials, to reduce stretch marks after giving birth and to fight cellulite. Reported reductions in stretch marks were up to 60 % within 6 weeks. Internet forums are discussing Mumijo often in this context. The same components that make a mud bath and a facial mask work, fulvic and humic acids, are key components of Mumijo. It has also been reported that scars resulting from burns were significantly less after using Mumijo.
  • -Several sources mention that using Mumijo together with other herbs will increase the effect of these herbs considerably.
However, to quote a Russian study:
"Mumijo is not a panacea for all diseases. Nevertheless, modern science has clearly shown that Mumijo has a broad spectrum of biological action: anti-bacterial, bacteriostatic, anti-inflammatory, choleric, tonic and anti-stress. Due to its composition mumijo stimulates the activity of many enzyme systems of the body and supports a variety of immunological processes."

Shilajit • Mumijo - Research Repository

Click the title for a brief description of the article and a downloadlink.

  • SHILAJIT - a Materia Medica monograph

    SHILAJIT - a Materia Medica monograph - Robert Talbert - California College of Ayurveda. © (2004) The author. A paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Clinical Ayurvedic Specialist

    Abstract - Shilajit is truly a remarkable substance with a long history of human usage for healing for the urinary system and for diabetes. Unfortunately, many of those who sell shilajit or products containing it, make many wild claims for shilajit’'s ability to cure diseases.[...] I excluded Internet sources for this information as I felt their claims were exaggerated beyond reality. [....]this summary of current research on shilajit show that some claims are substantiated and others are not.

    Download this pdf

    This 21-page article is available for free download in PDF format (zipped, 299 KB).

  • Shilajit (Mumijo) : Unraveling the mystery

    Shilajit (Mumijo) : Unraveling the mystery - Sabinsa Corp. - © (2007) Sabinsa Corp., India

    Abstract - Shilajit aka mumio (mumijo, mumie, moomiyo, mummio, mummiya) is a blackish brown substance found in the serene surroundings of the Altai and the Himalaya in Central-Asia at altitudes between 1000 and 5000 m. In Ayurveda, Shilajit is classified as a 'rasayan' (meaning rejuvenator and immunomodulator in Sanskrit) and as a 'medhya rasayan' [rejuvenator of 'medha' (intellect)]. Shilajit is believed to slow down the process of aging by rejuvenation and immunomodulation. Until the mid 80's, Shilajit was described as an inorganic mineral, a bitumen, an asphalt, a mineral resin, a plant fossil exposed by elevation of the Himalayas, and so forth. Focused research has now shown that Shilajit is essentially consisting of fresh and modified remnants of humus - the characteristic organic constituent of soils. This pdf gives a detailed scientific breakdown of the properties and components of Shilajit / Mumijo.

    Download this pdf

    This 21-page article is available for free download in PDF format (zipped, 302 KB).

  • Chemistry of Shilajit, an immunomodulatory Ayurvedic rasayan

    Chemistry of Shilajit, an immunomodulatory Ayurvedic rasayan - Shibnath Ghosal - Department of Pharmaceutics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-5, India © (1990) The author.

    Abstract - The chemical polemics in the reported literature on shilajit are resolved. This study shows that humification of latex and resin-bearing plants is responsible for the major organic mass (80-85%) of shilajit. The low mol. w t . chemical markers ( & l o % ) , viz. aucuparins, oxygenated dibenzo-K -pyrones and triterpenic acids of the tirucallane type (free and conjugated), occurring in the core structure of shilajit humus, are the major active constituents of Himalayan shilajit. The therapeutic effects of shilajit are the consequences of hormonal control and regulation of immunity.

    Download this pdf

    This 4-page article is available for free download in PDF format (zipped, 717 KB).

  • Medical preparations based on Mumijo

    Medical preparations based on Mumijo - Yarovaya, Sofiya Alekseevna - Voronezh State Medical Academy. Department of Pharmacognosia and Pharmaceutical Commodities © (2007) The author.

    Abstract - Mumijo is not a panacea for all deceases. Nevertheless, modern science has clearly shown that mumijo has a broad spectrum of biological action: anti-bacterial, bacteriostatic, anti-inflammatory, choleric, tonic and anti-stress. Due to its composition mumijo stimulates the activity of many enzyme systems of the body and supports a variety of immunological processes.

    Download this pdf

    This 19-page article (in Russian) is available for free download in PDF format (zipped, 219 KB).

  • The antioxidant-genoprotective mechanism of the action of the preparation Mumiyo-Vitas

    The antioxidant-genoprotective mechanism of the action of the preparation Mumiyo-Vitas - E. L. Levitsky et.al. - © (2007) The authors.

    Abstract - The protective effect as regards the liver nuclear chromatin of the preparation «Mumiyo-Vitas» in condition of genotoxic action of the chlorophose is revealed. This effect is realized in conditions of profilactic intraperitoneal way of the preparation injection to the experimental animals (thrice-repeated before 36, 24 and 0,5 h the poison in dose 240 mg/kg of the body mass) and related to the antioxidant action as regards the lipids chromatin peroxidation processes. The antioxidant-genoprotective effect of the preparation is more expressed as regards the transcriptionally active chromatin fraction and is correlated to the mortality reduction of the experimental animals. In the realization of this effect mainly the c chromatin phosphatidylcholin lipids and DNA participate.

    Download this pdf

    This 19-page article (in Russian) is available for free download in PDF format (zipped, 291 KB).

  • Complement-fixing Activity of Fulvic Acid from Shilajit and Other Natural Sources

    Complement-fixing Activity of Fulvic Acid from Shilajit and Other Natural Sources - Igor A. Schepetkin et.al. - Department of Veterinary Molecular Biology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 © (2009) The authors.

    Abstract - Shilajit has been used traditionally in folk medicine for treatment of a variety of disorders, including syndromes involving excessive complement activation. Extracts of Shilajit contain significant amounts of fulvic acid (FA), and it has been suggested that FA is responsible for many therapeutic properties of Shilajit. However, little is known regarding physical and chemical properties of Shilajit extracts, and nothing is known about their effects on the complement system. [...] All Shilajit fractions exhibited dose-dependent complement-fixing activity in vitro with high potency. Furthermore, we found a strong correlation between complement- fixing activity and carboxylic group content in the Shilajit fractions and other FA sources. These data provide a molecular basis to explain at least part of the beneficial therapeutic properties of Shilajit and other humic extracts.

    Download this pdf

    This 29-page article is available for free download in PDF format (zipped, 994 KB).

  • Mumijo Traditional Medicine - Fossil Deposits from Antarctica

    Mumijo Traditional Medicine - Fossil Deposits from Antarctica - Aiello A, et.al. - Agrotechnology and Food Innovations, Wageningen University and Research Center, The Netherlands. © (2008) The authors.

    Abstract - Mumijo is a widely used traditional medicine, especially in Russia, Altai Mountains, Mongolia, Iran, Kazachstan and in Kyrgystan. Mumijo preparations have been successfully used for the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases; they display immune-stimulating and antiallergic activity as well. In the present study, we investigate the chemical composition and the biomedical potential of a Mumijo(-related) product collected from the Antarctica. [....] It is concluded that this new Mumijo preparation has distinct and marked neuro-protective activity, very likely due to the content of glycerol ether derivatives.

    Download this pdf

    This 8-page article is available for free download in PDF format (zipped, 281 KB).

  • Selected herbals and human exercise performance

    Selected herbals and human exercise performance - Luke R. Bucci - The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. © (2000) The author.

    Abstract - Herbs have been used throughout history to enhance physical performance, but scientific scrutiny with controlled clinical trials has only recently been used to study such effects. The following herbs are currently used to enhance physical performance regardless of scientific evidence of effect: Chinese, Korean, and American ginsengs; Siberian ginseng, mahuang or Chinese ephedra; ashwagandha; rhodiola; yohimbe; Cordyceps fungus, shilajit or mummio; smilax; wild oats; Muira puama; suma (ecdysterone); Tribulus terrestris; saw palmetto berries; Beta-sitosterol and other related sterols; and wild yams (diosgenin). Controlled studies of Asian ginsengs found improvements in exercise performance when most of the following conditions were true: use of standardized root extracts, study duration (>8 wk, daily dose >1 g dried root or equivalent, large number of subjects, and older subjects. Improvements in muscular strength, maximal oxygen uptake, work capacity, fuel homeostasis, serum lactate, heart rate, visual and auditory reaction times, alertness, and psychomotor skills have also been repeatedly documented. Siberian ginseng has shown mixed results. Mahuang, ephedrine, and related alkaloids have not benefited physical performance except when combined with caffeine. Other herbs remain virtually untested. Future research on ergogenic effects of herbs should consider identity and amount of substance or presumed active ingredients administered, dose response, duration of test period, proper experimental controls, measurement of psychological and physiologic parameters (including antioxidant actions), and measurements of performance pertinent to intended uses.

    Download this pdf

    This 13-page article is available for free download in PDF format (zipped, 244 KB).

  • Shilajit: An Ancient Panacea

    Shilajit: An Ancient Panacea - Mohammed Aamir Mirza - International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Review and Research, Vol.1 - Issue 1 © (2010) The authors.

    Abstract - Shilajit is a pale-brown to blackish brown exudates obtained from layer of rocks in many mountain ranges (especially the Himalayan ranges of the Indian subcontinent) of the world. Its curative potentials were found documented in ancient books and were used to treat many ailments since antiquity days. Major portion of Shilajit was found to consist of humic substances. A number of preclinical trials have shown many of its pharmacological properties. Use of its constituent in modern agriculture is a common practice nowadays. Several researches have been carried out that explored its curative potential and this miraculous gift of God is finally made available to pharmaceutical industry.

    Download this pdf

    This 10-page article is available for free download in PDF format (244 KB).

  • Shilajit: A Review

    Shilajit: A Review - Suraj P. Agarwal et.al.- The PHYTOTHERAPY RESEARCH 21 © (2007) The authors.

    Abstract - Shilajit is a pale-brown to blackish brown exudation, of variable consistency, exuding from layers of rocks in many mountain ranges of the world, especially the Himalayas and Hindukush ranges of the Indian subconti- nent. It has been found to consist of a complex mixture of organic humic substances and plant and microbial metabolites occurring in the rock rhizospheres of its natural habitat. Shilajit has been used as a rejuvenator and an adaptogen for thousands of years, in one form or another, as part of traditional systems of medicine in a number of countries. Many therapeutic properties have been ascribed to it, a number of which have been verified by modern scientific evaluation. Shilajit has been attributed with many miraculous healing properties.

    Download this pdf

    This 5-page article is available for free download in PDF format (44 KB).

  • Therapeutic Potentials of Shilajit

    Therapeutic Potentials of Shilajit Rasayana - A Review - P. Mittal et.al. - International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research 1(2): 47-49 © (2009) The authors.

    Abstract - Shilajit is a rejuvenator ('Rasayana') of traditional Hindu Ayurvedic origin, which clearly has attracted considerable interest in India. Shilajit is a blackish-brown exudation of variable consistency exuding from layers of rocks in many mountain ranges of the world, especially the Himalayas and Hindukush ranges of the Indian subcontinent. Shilajit has been used as a folk medicine for general physical strengthening, anti-aging, blood sugar stabilization, urinary tract rejuvenation, enhanced brain functioning potency, kidney rejuvenation, immune system strengthening, arthritis, hypertension as well as for treating many other conditions. Shilajit (botanical name: Asphaltum), also known as mineral pitch, is a natural exudate oozed from rocks during hot weather. Shilajit is a compact mass of vegetable organic matter, which is composed of a gummy matrix interspersed with vegetable fibers and minerals.

    Download this pdf

    This 3-page article is available for free download in PDF format (24 KB).

How to prepare an easy-to-use solution

Because high quality Shilajit • Mumijo is a thick sticky resinous paste with a low moisture content (< 10 %) it can be quite difficult to manipulate and to dose accurately.

We do recommend to make a 30% water solution - 30 % Mumijo with 70 % of cooled down boiled water. This solution has an unlimited shelf life, just like the raw paste. Put the required amount of water (for 25 grams ± 59 ml) in the container with Mumijo and leave it overnight. It will dissolve to a mayo-like consistency. Stir with a non-metal spoon to ensure proper dissolving.

If your product is already runny it's better not to dilute it with water unless you plan to take it right away. Low quality products are often diluted to create a higher profit margin for the seller.

You can also freeze the Mumijo; this makes it easy to remove it from its container. Put the frozen Mumijo in a glass jar, add the required water and leave overnight.

After preparation the solution should be kept in a well-closed container in a dark, cool spot, like in the refrigerator.

For accurate administration use a set of kitchen measuring spoons - 1/4 of a teaspoon = 1.25 ml of solution, the daily dose for an adult with a body weight of 80-90 kgs. You can of course dilute the daily dose in additional water just before taking it if you want. If the taste is too much for you, adding honey or some other sweetener is no problem.

Do not prepare a weaker solution unless you plan to consume it soon. Solutions weaker than the described 30/70 have a limited shelf life and might spoil rather quickly.